Weekly Round Up 5-17-14

Schooling: With graduation just around the corner for Ed.S. candidates nationwide, here’s a Beginner’s Guide to Repaying Student Loans.

Psychology: A report released Friday by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that nationally, approximately 10,000 toddlers aged 2 to 3 years old are being diagnosed with A.D.H.D. and subsequently prescribed powerful medications to treat it. The CDC, along with many doctors, say this is a big problem for many reasons. One reason is that A.D.H.D. medications are not approved for children under 4, and another is that hyperactivity and impulsivity are developmentally normal for that age group. Additionally, there are “very few” studies documenting the long-term effects of using such medications in very young children.

Scholarship: An educational intervention is tested and comes up short. Phonomena, an academic intervention that is supposed to help children “identify word sounds,” says it has research that proves its effectiveness. Lorna Halliday of the University College of London tried to replicate the successful results and found she could not. Putting aside the fact that the initial (successful) research was conducted by the man who developed Phonomena, David Moore of The University of Oxford UK, it seems that how a study structures its control group has a huge effect on results.

If we are to understand the true “evidence-based” effectiveness of the academic interventions we use as school psychologists, we should pay close attention to how the studies backing the interventions were conducted.

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